Germany birth records, marriage and death from registrar’s office
From the church to the state
For many centuries, the three main tasks of a civil registry – birth registration, marriage registration and death registration – were exclusively fulfilled by the church. This policy was reflecting the fact that a unified state as we know it in contemporary Germany did not exist in these days. Prior to 1871, Germany consisted of several countries, dioceses and other independent regions with sometimes heavily contested borders.
With that kind of instability, it was almost impossible to conduct any kind of uniform official business. Also, church influence was considerably stronger at that time. Marriage ceremonies were exclusively performed by priests, and thus it was straightforward to register births, marriages and deaths at the church, too.
Relatively late, at the end of the 18th century, German churches surrendered some of their power to the state. With civil registries first established in France, these institutions were introduced to Germany in the course of the French occupation of German Rhineland in the 1790s.
Legal bases and functions
Given their origin, it is not surprising that the guidelines for civil registration were at first not based on German code, but on French legislation. The Code Civil – the French equivalent of the German Civil Code – clearly defined structure and functions of a civil registry.
Only on 01-01-1876, an Imperial Act was adopted that replaced the Code Civil as a unified basis for civil registration in the entire German territory. By then, the German state was registering all births, deaths and marriages.
However, in the course of the years there were frequent changes in legislation due to different government agendas. Some of these were amendments of civil registration, too. Still, the three main tasks of a civil registry remained mostly untouched: keeping the registers of births, marriages and deaths. Thus, a newborn baby has her first contact with the registry shortly after birth. Parents, doctors, midwife or hospital report the birth, it is registered and a birth certificate is issued. Now, that person is officially born. In the case of a person’s demise, the procedure is quite similar. When the death certificate, completed by a doctor, is turned in, the death is registered and a death record is given out.
Starting 01-01-2009, another change in the regulations for certificates of civil status took hold. Birth certificates older than 110 years are now handed over to the state archive and only authenticated copies of these documents are released. Marriages certificates are archived after 70 years, death certificates after 30 years. Still, even with these documents archived, an apostille or supplementary certification may be attached, e.g. for procedures determining citizenship. These documents are only available in German.
We communicate with the German civil registries on your behalf and reliably obtain the birth, marriage and death records you require for genealogy studies or other personal reasons.